After a career in several Universities in the UK and USA, I became Fellow and Tutor in History and CUF Lecturer at Lady Margaret Hall in 2004. I was made Professor of Western European History in 2011. I was the Leverhulme Research Fellow for the academic years 2011-2013.
My major research interests are in Italian and French history in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly the Napoleonic period. I am interested in the application of theories of cultural imperialism to European contexts in the Revolutionary-Napoleonic period, and in the relationship of regionalism and popular Catholicism to modern state-building.
Click here to hear me talk on the French Revolution's reign of terror on the BBC's 'In our time'.
My main teaching interests are in European history in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, particularly in the French Revolution, Napoleon and Italian and Spanish history in those periods. I am also interested in the history of modern imperialism.
- Napoleon, Vol II, The Spirit of the Age (Faber & Faber, London, 2018)
- The Napoleonic Mediterranean: Enlightenment, Revolution and Empire (I.B.Tauris, London, 2016) viii+ 360
- Napoleon, Vol I, Soldier of Destiny, 1769-1805 (Faber & Faber, London, 2014) xviii + 585
- Europe Under Napoleon, 1799-1815 (London and New York, 1996)
- Europe After Napoleon, 1814-1848. Revolution, reaction and romanticism (Manchester, 1996)
- Napoleonic Imperialism and the Savoyard Monarchy, 1776-1821. State building in Piedmont (Lampeter, 1997)
- 'Napoleon, Charlemagne and Lotharingia: Acculturation and the Boundaries of Napoleonic Europe', The Historical Journal. Vol 44 (2001) pp. 135-154
- The Politics of Religion in Napoleonic Italy. The War Against God 1801-1814 (London and New York, 2002) 238pp.
- The Napoleonic Empire in Italy, 1796-1814. Cultural Imperialism in a European context? (Basingstoke, 2005. Grand Prix Napoléon prize, 2006) 368pp
- Napoleon's Other War. Bandits, Rebels and their Pursuers in the Age of Revolutions (Oxford, 2010) 232pp